Model answer – Descriptive ESI : Balance of Payments Crisis 1991 – RBI Grade B 2023

The Balance of Payments (BoP) crisis in 1991 was a pivotal moment in India’s economic history. The crisis led to significant policy reforms and marked a shift towards liberalization, privatization, and globalization. This essay will analyze the Indian economy after the BoP crisis of 1991, highlighting the key reforms, their impact, and the subsequent economic transformation.

Descriptive ESI Question : Demographic Transition – RBI Grade B 2023

Demographic transition brings forth the concept of a demographic dividend. As fertility rates decline and life expectancy increases, the proportion of the working-age population rises. India, with its large and youthful population, has the potential to leverage this dividend for economic growth. A larger workforce relative to dependents can lead to increased productivity, higher savings, and greater investments. Countries like China and South Korea have successfully utilized their demographic dividends to achieve rapid economic progress.