Article – Delhi’s Pollution: NABARD Grade A 2023 Descriptive ESI

Battling the Winter Smog: Delhi’s Pollution Predicament

Delhi, the capital of India, is one of the most polluted cities in the world. Every winter, the city is blanketed in a thick layer of smog, which causes serious health problems for its residents.

The main sources of air pollution in Delhi are stubble burning, vehicular emissions, industrial emissions, and dust storms. Stubble burning is the practice of farmers setting fire to their fields after harvest to clear the land for the next crop. This practice is common in the states of Punjab and Haryana, which are located near Delhi. The smoke from these fires travels to Delhi and other parts of North India, where it mixes with other pollutants to create a toxic soup.

Vehicular emissions are another major source of air pollution in Delhi. The city has a large number of vehicles, and many of them are old and poorly maintained. These vehicles emit a variety of pollutants, including carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, and particulate matter.

Industrial emissions are also a significant contributor to Delhi’s air pollution problem. The city has a large number of factories and other industrial units, which emit a variety of pollutants, including sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, and particulate matter.

Dust storms are another source of air pollution in Delhi. These storms are caused by strong winds blowing over dry and dusty areas. The dust from these storms can travel long distances and pollute the air in Delhi.

Air pollution has a number of negative impacts on human health. Exposure to air pollution can cause a variety of respiratory problems, including asthma, bronchitis, and lung cancer. It can also cause heart disease, stroke, and premature death.

The Indian government has taken a number of steps to address air pollution in Delhi. These steps include:

  • Banning stubble burning in Delhi and neighboring states
  • Promoting public transportation and electric vehicles
  • Controlling industrial emissions
  • Taking dust control measures

Despite these efforts, Delhi’s air pollution problem remains a major challenge. The government and citizens need to work together to find long-term solutions to this issue.

Here are some additional things that can be done to battle the winter smog in Delhi:

  • Increase the use of renewable energy
  • Improve public transportation
  • Promote carpooling and ride-sharing
  • Educate the public about the dangers of air pollution

By taking these steps, Delhi can make significant progress in battling the winter smog and improving air quality for its residents.