Essay Writing Format – ECGC PO 2023: Descriptive English

Study Note: ECGC PO – Essay Writing Format

Essay writing is an important skill that is often tested in competitive exams, including the ECGC PO examination. To excel in the essay writing section, it is crucial to understand the proper format and structure of an essay. This study note will guide you through the recommended format for essay writing in the ECGC PO examination.


The introduction serves as the opening paragraph of your essay. Its purpose is to engage the reader and provide a brief overview of the topic. The introduction should be concise and clear, capturing the reader’s attention. It should include:

Hook: Start with an attention-grabbing statement, such as a thought-provoking question, a relevant quote, or a startling statistic.

Background Information: Provide a brief background or context related to the topic. This helps the reader understand the subject matter.

Thesis Statement: State your main argument or viewpoint in a clear and concise manner. This serves as the central idea that your essay will revolve around.

Body Paragraphs:

The body paragraphs form the main section of your essay. They should expand on the ideas presented in the thesis statement and provide supporting evidence. Each body paragraph should focus on a single idea or argument and follow this structure:

Topic Sentence: Start each paragraph with a topic sentence that introduces the main point of the paragraph.

Supporting Evidence: Present supporting evidence, examples, or facts to substantiate your argument. This can include statistics, research findings, expert opinions, or real-life examples.

Analysis and Explanation: Analyze the supporting evidence and explain its relevance to your main argument. Provide a clear and logical explanation of how the evidence supports your viewpoint.

Transition: Use transitional words or phrases to smoothly transition from one paragraph to the next. This helps maintain a coherent flow throughout the essay.


The conclusion is the final paragraph of your essay. It should effectively summarize your main points and provide a sense of closure to the reader. To create a strong conclusion, include the following elements:

Restate the Thesis: Briefly restate your thesis statement, emphasizing the main argument or viewpoint presented in the essay.

Summarize the Main Points: Provide a concise summary of the main points discussed in the body paragraphs. However, avoid introducing new information or arguments in the conclusion.

Final Thoughts: End your essay with a thought-provoking statement, a call to action, or a reflection on the broader implications of the topic. Leave the reader with a lasting impression or something to contemplate.

Additional Tips:

Word Limit and Time Management: Pay attention to the word limit specified in the exam instructions and allocate your time accordingly. Plan your essay structure to ensure that you have enough time to develop and conclude your ideas within the given limit.

Clarity and Coherence: Maintain clarity in your writing by using simple and precise language. Ensure that your ideas flow logically and coherently throughout the essay. Avoid jargon or overly complex sentence structures that may confuse the reader.

Proofreading and Editing: After completing your essay, allocate time for proofreading and editing. Check for grammatical errors, spelling mistakes, and punctuation errors. Review the essay for clarity, coherence, and overall effectiveness of your arguments.

By following this recommended format and structure for essay writing, you will be able to effectively convey your ideas and arguments in a clear and organized manner. Practice writing essays within time constraints to enhance your writing speed and proficiency. Remember to incorporate relevant examples and evidence to strengthen your arguments. With consistent practice and adherence to the format, you can improve your essay writing skills and perform well in the ECGC PO examination.