The Economic and Social Issues (ESI) section is an important part of the NABARD Grade A exam. Here is a brief overview of the syllabus for the ESI section:
- Agriculture and Rural Development: Agricultural productivity and production, land reforms, rural credit, rural marketing, food processing, and agricultural subsidies.
- Economic and Social Issues in Rural India: Rural poverty, rural employment, rural health, education, and housing, rural drinking water supply, sanitation and electrification, and rural development schemes.
- Industry: Industrial policies, industrial growth, the role of the public and private sector, Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs), Special Economic Zones (SEZs), and Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs).
- Infrastructure: Infrastructure development in India, transportation, communication, energy, and water resources.
- Inflation: Types and causes of inflation, its impact on the economy, and measures to control inflation.
- Monetary Policy: The role of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), monetary policy tools, and their impact on the economy.
- Fiscal Policy: Fiscal policy tools, government budgets, and their impact on the economy.
- Social Structure in India: Caste, religion, gender, and other dimensions of social inequality and their impact on the economy.
- Human Resource Development: Education, health, and skill development in India.
- Indian Financial System: Banking, insurance, and capital markets in India.
- International Organizations: International Monetary Fund (IMF), World Bank, World Trade Organization (WTO), United Nations (UN), and their role in the Indian economy.
Candidates should study each topic in detail and keep themselves updated on the latest developments in the Indian economy and society to perform well in the ESI section of the NABARD Grade A exam.