Cracking the RBI Grade B ESI Exam: Key Chapters and Tips to Succeed

If you’re planning to take the RBI Grade B exam, you must be aware of the ESI (Economic and Social Issues) section. This section tests your knowledge and understanding of various economic and social concepts that are relevant to India’s economic development. To help you prepare for this section, we’ve compiled a list of the most important topics that you should focus on.

Important Topics for ESI:

  1. Introduction to Economics
  2. Measurement of Growth
  3. Poverty Alleviation and Employment Generation
  4. Sustainable Development & Environmental Issues
  5. Money & Inflation
  6. Role of Economic Planning
  7. Economic Reforms
  8. Industrial Policy & Labour Policy
  9. Monetary Policy & Fiscal Policy
  10. Introduction to Financial Market
  11. Balance of Payments
  12. Foreign Trade Policy
  13. International Economic Institutions
  14. Regional Economic Cooperation
  15. Demographic Trends
  16. Urbanization & Migration
  17. Social Justice
  18. Social Movements
  19. Indian Political System
  20. Human Development
  21. Health & Education

Exam Pattern:

The ESI section is divided into two parts: objective and descriptive. The objective part carries 50 marks and lasts for 30 minutes. The descriptive part also carries 50 marks and lasts for 90 minutes. You need to type your answers using a keyboard. If you opt to type your answers in Hindi, you can use either the Inscript or Remington (GAIL) keyboard layout.

Tips for Preparation:

To prepare for the ESI section, you should start by understanding the basic concepts of economics and social issues. Then, focus on the important topics listed above and try to gain an in-depth understanding of each of them. You can use various study materials, such as textbooks, reference books, online courses, and mock tests, to help you prepare. Make sure you practice writing descriptive answers in a structured and coherent manner.


The ESI section is an important part of the RBI Grade B exam. By focusing on the important topics and practicing your writing skills, you can improve your chances of scoring well in this section. Good luck!