Mastering the RBI Grade B ESI Exam: A Comprehensive Guide

The Reserve Bank of India conducts the Grade B Officer exam every year for recruitment into its various departments. The Economic and Social Issues (ESI) section of the exam is an important part of the selection process. Aspirants who are planning to appear for the RBI Grade B exam must prepare well for the ESI section to increase their chances of cracking the exam.

In this comprehensive guide, we will discuss the important topics, exam pattern, and tips to help you master the RBI Grade B ESI exam.

Exam Pattern

The ESI section of the RBI Grade B exam consists of two parts:

Objective Type: This section has vaious questions for 50 marks, to be completed in 30 minutes.

Descriptive Type: This section has 3 questions for 50 marks, to be completed in 90 minutes.

Important Topics

Here are some of the important topics that you must cover to excel in the ESI section of the RBI Grade B exam:

Introduction to Economics

Measurement of Growth

Poverty Alleviation and Employment Generation

Sustainable Development & Environmental Issues

Money & Inflation

Role of Economic Planning

Economic Reforms

Industrial Policy & Labour Policy

Monetary Policy & Fiscal Policy

Introduction to Financial Market

Balance of Payments

Foreign Trade Policy

International Economic Institutions

Regional Economic Cooperation

Demographic Trends

Urbanization & Migration

Social Justice

Social Movements

Indian Political System

Human Development

Health & Education

Tips to Prepare

Here are some tips that will help you prepare for the RBI Grade B ESI exam:

Understand the concepts: Start by understanding the basic concepts of the topics mentioned above. This will help you in solving the objective questions and in writing descriptive answers.

Practice: Practice is key to mastering the ESI section. Solve previous year question papers and mock tests to get an idea of the exam pattern and to identify your weak areas.

Focus on Descriptive Writing: The descriptive section is crucial for the ESI exam. Pay special attention to descriptive writing and practice writing essays on various topics.

Time Management: Manage your time effectively while attempting the objective and descriptive sections. Don’t spend too much time on any one question.

Stay Updated: Keep yourself updated with the latest economic and social issues. Read newspapers, magazines, and online resources to stay abreast of the latest developments.


Mastering the ESI section of the RBI Grade B exam is essential for clearing the exam and securing a job in the Reserve Bank of India. By following the tips mentioned above and by covering the important topics, you can increase your chances of cracking the exam. Good luck!